Rather, what are the specific conditions which give it global social importance and historical effectiveness today? Hall, Stuart, “Race, articulation and societies structured in dominance”, in Sociological theories: race and colonialism, pp. True North Wire - February 6, 2020. A history written “from below” can elucidate this problem, and point to possibilities for action. Against “the Other”: Here it is always a matter of a specific combination of new forms of classism, racism, and machismo/patriarchy, against the other—the “lazy poor”, the “dangerous classes”, “refugees and foreigners”, “women’s libbers and transgender madness”, etc. “Free speech”: This attack is mostly aimed against a supposedly left-wing, liberal “elite”, “decadent ’68ers”, etc. Yet each of these attempts met with obstacles posed by stable institutions of capital’s increasingly transnational reign. The latter should in turn be distinguished from the radical right, such as the National Front in France, Geerd Wilders’s Party for Freedom (PVV), or the Alternative for Germany party (AfD)—as well as from the Freedom Party of Austria (FPÖ) or the Lega Nord in Italy, both of which are currently in government. 8. Practices are needed—ones that catch on. But a new study co-authored by an MIT economist shows that when it comes to growth, democracy significantly increases development. T he purpose of censorship and thought management differs from regime to regime. It functions as a sort of short-circuit between bourgeois forces and the subalterns”. Totalitarianism is an extreme version of authoritarianism. : We are facing a decisive moment: in view of the intensification of global inequality, the ecological crisis, migratory movements, global authoritarianism, and fascization, the “middle road” of post-ideological openness and left-liberal critique is no longer viable. (Last Updated On: April 19, 2019) ... And how do authoritarian regimes function? How has this phenomenon been able to become so significant precisely now? More astonishing than the defeat of numerous protest movements and new left-wing parties by the new authoritarianism of the rulers is the fact that the dynamics of new mobilizations repeatedly break out in different places. In the short-term, it seems unlikely that the authoritarian and radical right will be pushed back. All North American Authoritarian Countries: Cuba, Authoritarian Countries in South America: Venezuela. The U.S. has fallen steadily in the global rankings over the past decade, from 17th place in the 2010 index to No. The object is complex, heterogeneous, and highly dynamic, and eludes unitary explanation or even definition. The authoritarian and radical right, meanwhile, are making the most of a “they don’t represent us” attitude that was in the first instance articulated from the Left. The concept of fascism (as Walden Bello, for example, has argued) is certainly too broad; fully developed fascist regimes have probably not yet emerged. Relatively new authoritarians extended their crackdowns – Hungary, Turkey, the Philippines are a few examples. … Which were the key upwardly or downwardly mobile intermediate classes in Brazil, in India, or in the Philippines? Democracy is in crisis around the world, while authoritarianism is on the rise in a growing number of countries. According to Swedish research organization V-Dem, the number of democratic countries and regions stood at 87 in 2019, while the number of nondemocratic countries and regions came to 92. This would go some way to explaining, e.g., whether ultra-liberal economic policies will be implemented or certain social concessions made; or whether modernization will be striven for, so as to make further accumulation possible (in the case of the advanced segments of the capitalist class), or merely a kleptocratic redistribution and appropriation (in the case of the underdeveloped or predatory segments). The Italian Five Star Movement is completely different again. 10. If it is true that the radical right and “racist ideology [are] essentially inter-class”—not only in the sense of relatively upwardly or downwardly mobile class segments, but rather in connection with “an active negation” of class solidarity [2]—then the radical right (or, e.g., the AfD in particular) can also be grasped as constituting an inter-class alliance: between downwardly mobile wage-labourers, segments of skilled labour who have moved into the petite bourgeoisie and are threatened with further decline (and who thus attempt to defend their private homes and level of consumption), upwardly mobile entrepreneurial individualists, middle-class business-owning families placed under pressure by globalization, industries (e.g. Among the most authoritarian nations in the world are places like North Korea, Syria and Chad. Our mission at Portside is to seek out and to provide information that empowers you -- that empowers the left. The aim is to divide the subalterns, provide restricted possibilities of action for some groups of subalterns and their reactionary self-empowerment. 14. 19. Protesting Farmers ‘Are Being Misled’. 27–42. Authoritarian Countries in Asia: Armenia, Bahrain, Cambodia, China, Iran, Laos, North Korea, Saudi Arabia, Syria and Vietnam; Authoritarian Countries in Europe: Azerbaijan, Belarus, Hungary, Poland, Russia and Turkey; Authoritarian Countries in Africa: Egypt. Translated by Sam Langer and Marc Hiatt for Gegensatz Translation Collective.]. [1] The great powers China and Russia constitute special cases, which cannot be dealt with here. Amid the widespread experience of powerlessness, it operates with the promise of winning back “control” against and “security” from external and internal threats. The attack on unions and workers’ rights, meanwhile, characterizes the authoritarian and radical right across its entire spectrum, cutting across its other differentiations (Poland perhaps the exception). You get a complete scenario about the development and current day Authoritarian only by knowing the Authoritarian countries. Researchers say the party’s rhetoric is beginning to resemble that of authoritarian parties, such as AKP in Turkey and Fidesz in Hungary. Now! Let us not disempower ourselves through one-sided perspectives. There is limited research on the composite role which open government might play in authoritarian states. Missed opportunities: An important factor contributing to the rise of the authoritarian and radical right is the limitation of social-democratic projects: a) of a post-neoliberal sort, in other words the redistribution of social wealth in a situation of very limited democratization, but above all with no reconstruction of the bases of production and reproduction (from Venezuela to Brazil), b) of a progressive neoliberal sort, in other words the preservation of (limited) freedoms and progressive gains, without intervention in the meteoric transformation of the economic structure, and without downward redistribution (social democracy, left-liberals, and sometimes Christian democracy in the North). [4] This kind of mobilization is linked with a kind of imaginary empowerment of the subalterns. By. The index rates 167 countries by 60 indicators across five broad categories: electoral process and pluralism, the functioning of government, political participation, democratic political culture a We should recall that the political upheavals in the wake of the major crisis around 2011 (much earlier in Latin America) were in the first instance a dawn of hope transnationally for the Left. [3] Alex Demirovic', "Autorita"rer Populismus als neoliberale Krisenbewa"ltigungsstrategie", PROKLA, no. What Is Authoritarianism? Twitter. Is there a common ideological core, or is it just a methodology of government? EU and authoritarian countries: what to do with them? Meanwhile, its alphabetical successor Norway steadily keeps up its high score streak, with 9.87 being the best example of a full democracy in 2019. 3. 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